一种季铵盐氟碳表面活性剂及其制备方法和应用

  • Inventors:
  • Assignees: 东华大学卿凤翎
  • Publication Date: November 18, 2015
  • Publication Number: CN-103212339-B

Abstract

本发明涉及一种季铵盐氟碳表面活性剂及其制备方法和应用,结构通式如下:其中:n=1~4,R=-CH3,-CH2CH3,-CH2CH2CH3或-CH2CH2CH2CH3。制备方法包括:(1)六氟环氧丙烷多聚体RfCOF、N-甲基哌嗪和缚酸剂,反应生成含氟中间体化合物;(2)含氟中间体化合物与相应的碘代烷烃反应生成季铵盐氟碳表面活性剂。应用于纺织、皮革、造纸、化工、油田或消防领域。本发明有很强的杀菌能力;容易吸附在固体表面(或固液界面),工业上用作浮选剂、抗静电剂、柔软剂、乳化剂和颜料分散剂等,因此具有广泛的用途。

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